#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. Scientists at the University of Zurich have studied the energy balance of the land surface in the Arctic. They linked vegetation data to energy exchange data they had been collecting from 1994 to 2021.
It is known that the Arctic is warming faster than other areas of the planet. This leads to the permafrost and glaciers melting.
According to csn-tv.ru with reference to Nature Communications, where the work results are published, the researchers found that the earth surface and the air warm up at different rates depending on the plants. An increase in the density of shrubs leads to an earlier thaw. Dark shrubs absorb sunlight and transmit it to the surface long before the snow melts.
The new data could help improve climate model results and assess the Arctic tundra vegetation’s role in cooling the planet’s surface. Identifying plant species that slow down the warming process will help prevent further permafrost melt.
Previously, scientists predicted a cooling and an increase in ice in the Arctic and explained the reason for the drying up of Arctic lakes. Nornickel has made three scenarious on climate change. We also reported that grass began to grow in the Arctic instead of reindeer moss.
Text: Anzhelika Stepanova, Photo: Nikolay Shchipko