MSU scientists study extreme natural phenomena in polar seas

MSU scientists study extreme natural phenomena in polar seas

December 06, 2023

The Moscow State University’s research is carried out using modern computer technologies.

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. Researchers at Lomonosov Moscow State University will evaluate the increased frequency of extreme events in the Arctic due to climate change. These include rising air temperatures, shrinking ice areas, and degradation of permafrost – all of which create certain risks. In addition, new phenomena are being added to the already known ones, which were not previously characteristic of the Arctic.

According to the Russian Geographical Society (RGS), the scientific project Extreme Natural Phenomena in the Arctic in the Modern Climate will study processes in the Arctic seas and on the adjacent land.

“The main emphasis will be done on obtaining a comprehensive assessment of the modern climate change impact on the frequency and characteristics of extreme natural events in the Arctic that occurred in the first two decades of the 21st century and predicted in the future”, said the project leader, the Moscow State University’s regional oceanology laboratory, geography faculty chief researcher Vladimir Ivanov.

Work began in the summer of 2023. To model the polar seas’ state, scientists have developed and tested software technology to assess the frequency of storm waves and create possible development scenarios. Moscow State University has already received data for the Kara and Barents seas.

Dangerous natural phenomena characteristic of the Arctic land, for example, an increase in the number of days with ice, are also being actively studied. This puts an additional burden on the energy sector and the economy, increases the risk of injury to the population, and creates problems for transport, housing and communal services, and navigation along the Northern Sea Route (NSR).

Scientists are also studying the causes, frequency and speed of winds in special mesoscale polar cyclones.

Previously, Russian engineers developed a floating drone to explore the Arctic. Previously unknown algae will help monitor the condition of the northern seas. This Is Taimyr also wrote that the Arctic Floating University was the first to explore cape Sopochnaya Karga on Taimyr.

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Text: Angelika Stepanova, Photo: Severny Gorod MC’s archive

December 06, 2023

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