#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. Earth airfields of Franz Joseph Land, North Earth and Severomorsk can be used to save astronauts in case of an emergency in flights to a promising Russian orbital station.
Over Siberia, the extreme north, the Arctic Ocean, a route will be taken to the orbit of the promising Russian orbital station (ROS). The Energia rocket and space corporation’s deputy general designer, chief designer Vladimir Kozhevnikov told it to TASS.
“The aerodrome network along the excretion route allows to conduct search and rescue operations throughout the land plot, as well as on a significant part of the sea site due to airfields on the islands of the North Land and the Franz Joseph land”, said Vladimir Kozhevnikov.
Most of the marine section of the excretion route will pass through the western part of the Russian Arctic, where the headquarters of the naval operations of Atomflot and marine rescue centers operate year-round. They plan to attract a rescue vessel and aircraft from the airfield in the Severomorsk of the Murmansk region to the Greenland sea.
In the Arhangelsk region, the Plesetsk cosmodrome is operating – the northernmost and one of the largest cosmodromes in the world. It provides part of Russian and international space programs related to defense, as well as applied, scientific and commercial launches of unmanned spacecraft. The cosmodrome’s technical means allow various spacecraft launches on all types of orbits, including geostationary. For launches, a high inclination of the orbit was selected from 96.8 to 97 degrees to get new operational capabilities compared to the ISS and the Soviet periods.
The chief designer considers the task of rescuing astronauts in case of emergency situations during the excretion. However, the use of search and rescue equipment will be limited due to a harsh climate and undeveloped transport infrastructure. Therefore, if the crew cannot be evacuated in a timely manner, aircraft with parachute-long groups, rescue and life support will be directed to the landing area.
Earlier, This Is Taimyr said that nine Russian space crews had had the call sign Taimyr from 1974 to 1987. The most famous flight under the piloting of cosmonauts Yury Romanenko and Georgy Grechko took place in 1977. We also reported that last year the state supported the projects in the Arctic for billions of rubles.
Text: Denis Kozhevnikov, Photo: author