First open pit mine in Arctic appeared in Norilsk
12+

First open pit mine in Arctic appeared in Norilsk

December 01, 2021

Initially, it was believed that Norilsk ores should be mined only in underground mines.

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. The mainland designers did not believe that in our conditions it was possible to conduct mining operations in an open way. They believed that with the Norilsk drifts, miners would remove 99 percent of the snow and ice and only one percent of the ore.

But the head of the Norilsk combine, Avraamy Zavenyagin, in a memorandum to the government proposed an open method.

In the technical project, local experts proved that open work is possible, that the snow can fight itself: that is, the shield system would create barriers to protect the mine from drifts.

Zavenyagin managed to prove his case. In 1940, the Ugolny Ruchey (Coal Creek) mine began operations – the first open pit mine in the Arctic.

On August 29, the first explosion thundered and with almost complete lack of equipment overburden operations began. Manual labor was widely used, and the first American excavator for open work was delivered only in 1941.

Ugolny Ruchey successfully operated for 30 years. It was closed in July 1970.

In 1943, it was revealed that an open-pit method could be used to develop another ore body – at Medvezhy Ruchey (Bear Creek). Construction of the Medvezhy Ruchey quarry began in 1945, and it is still in operation.

In the last issue of the History Spot photo project, we told how Norilsk became a village.

Follow us on TelegramInstagram Facebook and Twitter.

Text: Svetlana Samohina, Photo: Nornickel Polar Division archive

December 01, 2021

All rights reserved ©️ THIS IS TAIMYR online media, 2020

If quoting in whole or in part, a reference to the This is Taimyr is required. The editors are not responsible for the information contained in advertisements. The editors do not provide reference information. Registered by the Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media. Certificate of registration of mass media is ЭЛ No. ФС 77 - 79414 dated 02.11.2020, valid. Distributed in Russian Federation and foreign countries.

Founder: Severny Gorod Media Company LLC, 663300, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Norilsk, Komsomolskaya st., 33a.

Chief editor: Natalia N. Popova