Until 1939 Norilsk was subordinate to nomadic council

Until 1939 Norilsk was subordinate to nomadic council

November 30, 2021

On August 27, 1939, Norilsk received the status of a workers' settlement. Administratively, it became subordinate to the Dudinsky district of the Taimyr National District.

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. Prior to that, Norilsk had been listed as a settlement assigned to the Chasovnya nomadic council with the administrative center Chasovnya on the Rybnaya river.

Along with the new status, Norilsk also received leading functions: 25 deputies were elected to the village council, a registry office appeared. In 1939, the village consisted of six streets – now it is the territory of the Old Town.

A small metallurgical plant was already in operation, the first large circulation was published, and on New Year’s Eve a public Christmas tree was installed on the street for the first time.

One of the first chairmen of the village council was Zoya Tumanishvili – from 1944 to 1952.

She was the first real mayor of Norilsk, because her predecessors occupied this position only for several months. Here are her memories:

“What can I say about the village? Wooden houses and small huts. The political department was located in the geologist Urvantsev’s house. Here, on Gornaya street, there is a design department, geological engineers, a canteen, a baklaboratory, a state bank. A little farther the prison was situated. Zavodskaya street was built up perpendicularly – with two-storey houses made of rubble stone. There was also a polyclinic on this street. Before the construction of the club, all cultural events took place in the dining room. There was a school on the hill. The premises for the village council were allocated in a two-story wooden house on Zavodskaya street. It consisted of two rooms: 18-meters-one and a very small one. Another room was given for the military registration desk. Through a corridor on the same territory there was a people’s court. The surname of the council’s first chairman is Shiryaev. In 1941 he volunteered for the front. A very young man from the correctional officers who replaced him also went to the front in a very short time”.

In the last issue of the History Spot photo project, we told that geologists saved Norilsk: in the 1950s, the city could have ceased existing.

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Text: Svetlana Samohina, Photo: Nornickel Polar Division archive

November 30, 2021

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