Why polar bears go out to people

Why polar bears go out to people

October 26, 2021

Scientists connect the wild animals’ behavior to climate change.

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. A polar bear was spotted in Dikson the other day. He slowly, without fear, walked the streets of the village.

In March, a curfew was imposed in the village because of a polar bear. At the end of September, a teenage bear appeared in Dixon, he spent a week near people. It is possible that his mother had been killed by poachers. The photo of the predator went all over Russia. The director of the Krasnoyarsk park of flora and fauna Royev Ruchey Andrey Gorban said that the employees of the two zoos were ready to fly to the north of the region for the bear, but the predator left.

Royev Ruchey has been caring for orphaned cubs for a long time. With the support of Rosneft state corporation, the park has got special modular boxes for rescuing and transporting orphaned bears whose lives are under threat in their natural habitat.

One of the most famous lost bears was Martha. The starving, emaciated predator was found in Norilsk in mid-June 2019, caught and taken by plane to Royev Ruchey.

Then the Norilsk bear became the heroine of many reports and even got on the pages of foreign tabloids. In the park, the Norilsk orphan has gained weight and lives with other bears. Recently, a film was shot about Martha, which received an award at the international film festival.

We reported that the statistics of polar bear attacks on humans has increased in Russia. The growth is associated with the increasing human presence in the Arctic, as well as with climate changes, which lead to an increase in the number of wild animals coming to people. The country is closely monitoring the situation: last year, several cases of hunting for the Red Book polar predator was revealed. But because of the attack on people, two bears were killed in two years.

Scientists note that the animals’ behavior becomes unpredictable, because now they are less likely to get prey. The reason for this is the warming in the Arctic. Polar bears roam along with seasonal changes in the boundaries of the polar ice. In the summer they leave with the ice to the north, in the winter – to the south.

In July, we reported that due to climate change, the ‘last ice zone’, as the territory north of Greenland is called, has begun to melt. This site is critical for the survival of polar bears. Scientists fear that the planet’s largest land predator will disappear in the next few decades.

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Text: Ekaterina Maksimova, Photo: Irina Yarinskaya, Royev Ruchey park and open sources

October 26, 2021

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