#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. The finds were transferred to the museum by Nikolay Stepanov, a senior researcher at the Krasnoyarsk Scientific and Production Association – Archaeological Design and Research.
Five years ago, during the 2016 field season, a polar group of Krasnoyarsk archaeologists surveyed the lower reaches of the Yenisei from the mouth to the Dudinka river. The work was carried out in the Dikson area, in the vicinity of Norilsk, on the Hatanga river and its tributary, the Novaya river. The purpose of the expedition was to identify new objects of the archaeological heritage, clarify information about the already known ones and plan their preservation.
In 2021, the museum collection of the Taimyr Museum of Local Lore was replenished with numerous punctures, flakes, fragments of plates, fragments of cores, scrapers, arrowheads discovered by archaeologists during the expedition. Museum workers call a labret made of polished slate a unique find from this complex. This decoration of the late Neolithic – Early Bronze Age was inserted into a special hole near mouth.
At one time, such decorations were donated to the museum by the Leningrad archaeologist Leonid Hlobystin, who discovered them at the sites of Abylaah I and Maimeche IV during the Taimyr expeditions of 1967-1974. Then the Polar Expedition of the USSR Academy of Sciences Archeology Institute Leningrad Branch under the Hlobystin leadership discovered that Taimyr was permanently inhabited during the Mesolithic era, the Middle Stone Age.
When examining the places associated with the development of the Far North by the Russian population in the lower reaches of the Yenisei, Krasnoyarsk archaeologists discovered fragments of ceramic vessels, earthenware and porcelain dishes of the late 18th – early 20th centuries, which also replenished the funds of the northernmost museum. Perhaps part of the new acquisitions after scientific processing can be seen in the permanent exhibition.
We also told that in the Taimyr Museum a unique exhibition was dedicated to shamanism. A Norilsk resident found fossils of ancient mollusks: the finds prove that once upon a time there were seas on the territory of Taimyr.
Text: Valentina Vachaeva, Photo: Taimyr Museum of Local Lore