#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. The average air temperature in the Arctic over the past 50 years has increased by more than two degrees – it is much more than in other parts of the Earth. If this trend continues, the Siberian tundra could undergo the climate crisis. This is evidenced by a study by the Bremerhaven Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) and the Potsdam University.
Scientists say that due to rising temperatures in the Arctic, the tree line of larch forests is shifting. This process may be affected by the greenhouse gas emissions reduction – in this case, further warming in the Arctic by the end of the century can be limited to just under two degrees.
However, the researchers also described a negative scenario: greenhouse gas emissions will remain high and average summer temperatures in the Arctic will rise by 14 degrees by 2100.
Recall that at the moment Tomsk scientists are conducting research in Western Siberia, which will subsequently help develop mechanisms for mitigating climate change and ways to adapt to them.
Previously, scientists said that the recent warming is the strongest in the last 200 thousand years. And the thawing of permafrost will cost Russia 422 billion rubles.
Text: Ekaterina Elkanova, Photo: Olga Polyanskaya