#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. Specialists of the Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences have developed a technology for restoring soil fertility in the Arctic based on the use of mineral fertilizers and cereal grasses.
Scientists believe that the increase in the use of minerals in the Arctic leads to the need to minimize negative consequences and restore the vegetation and soil cover.
“This will help to effectively use the natural potential of the Arctic agricultural landscapes, return the reclaimed areas to agricultural production and produce agricultural products of a given quantity and quality”, experts say.
The technology includes several measures: mechanical cultivation of the land to a depth of 12–15 centimeters, the use of mineral fertilizers and sowing of perennial grasses. These plants provide a quick vegetation cover on the restored land that prevents soil erosion. Further care of the soil plots should be carried out over three years and it makes it possible to program crops and produce agricultural products of the required quantity and quality in the Yenisey North. The technology is adapted to the local climate and allows the cultivation of forage crops such as barley, oats and wheat, as well as legumes in the Arctic.
With proper care, seeded meadows function for more than 10-15 years.
Earlier we wrote that a Russian scientist proposed building ‘walking houses’ in the Arctic.
Text: Angelica Stepanova, Photo: Nikolay Shchipko