Russia approves polar bear preserving strategy until 2030
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Russia approves polar bear preserving strategy until 2030

March 15, 2022

The program provides for the study of the climate change impact on the animals.

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. The polar bear is the largest land predator on the planet, the only species of land mammals, whose life is associated with the prey of pinnipeds on the drifting and fast ice of the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas.

The polar bear is listed in the Red Book of Russia, in seven regional Red Books and included in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.

As of 2017, there were 1600–2200 polar bears in Taimyr and the Arctic islands.

Earlier, we reported that until 2024, for the first time in history, biologists want to receive the most complete data on the state of the polar bear population in our country. Scientists estimate that polar bears may disappear by the end of the century.

The approved strategy states that it is necessary to minimize the negative impacts of climate change and human activities on polar bears.

“This is the document that raises all measures for the conservation of the predator to a high state level. We will improve legislation, conduct scientific research, and conduct high-precision monitoring. And of course, the number estimate. For this, modern technologies and methods will be used in combination with aviation, satellite and ground data”, commented Alexander Kozlov, head of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources.

Recall that the previous strategy was approved in 2010. During the time, the Bear Islands reserve, the Novosibirsk Islands reserve, the Beringia, Onega Pomorye and Kytalyk national parks were created in the predator’s range. There are currently 16 specially protected natural areas of federal significance in the polar bear habitats.

Biologists believe that it is necessary to give the nature protection status to several more habitats of the northern predator, including in the areas of the ancestral lairs construction.

In addition, the document provides for the restriction of economic activity in the areas most significant for the predators, the development of measures to minimize conflict situations between humans and polar bears, the involvement of the indigenous and local population in the conservation of the Arctic host population, and the preservation of the predator’s gene pool in captivity.

The strategy also plans to study and predict the impact of climate change and anthropogenic factors, the study of pollutants and their distribution and impact on animals. In addition, it is necessary to make an assessment of the forage base. An important direction is also the monitoring of polar bears and their condition.

Previously, we told the story of the Yamal cub brothers who took a fancy to shift workers.

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Text: Angelica Stepanova, Photo: istockphoto.com

March 15, 2022

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