#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. Krasnoyarsk scientists have developed new varieties of potatoes and soybeans for the northern regions. They crossed hundreds of classic species and created superplants.
Specialists from the Krasnoyarsk state agrarian university work on the project, the Yenisey Siberia development corporation reports. Their task is to make agricultural production in Siberia and other regions with harsh climates more sustainable and efficient.
In Krasnoyarsk, as it is known, frosts in spring and drought in summer are quite common, and this creates serious difficulties in growing vegetables and herbaceous edible plants. Due to the cold and lack of water, the yield is sharply reduced, and crops have difficulty surviving. To develop new plants, scientists crossed about 200 varieties of potatoes and more than 180 varieties of soybeans.
As Alexander Kolomeytsev, vice-rector for science of the Krasnoyarsk agrarian university, noted, “potato varieties form commercial tubers before the onset of the summer heat, and the set of nutrients and starch begins in them by the end of August. And our two new soybean varieties are the northernmost in the world”.
Earlier, specialists from the Russian Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology presented a domestic nutritional composition that will help grow crops in the Arctic without soil, frost-resistant greenhouses of a new type appeared in Norilsk, and breeders bred almost arctic apricots.
Text: Elena Popova, Photo: Olga Zaderyaka