The annual minimum area of Arctic sea ice (4.72 million square kilometers on September 16, 2021) was 26 percent higher than in 2020. This has not been observed since 2014.
Forecasters do not exclude that 2022 will be one of the coldest in the Arctic in recent decades.
Throughout September, there were severe frosts in the Arctic. The average temperature at Amundsen-Scott station from April to September (minus 61 Celsius) was the coldest on record since 1957.
And on the night of September 30 to October 1 in the area of the Russian station Vostok recorded a temperature close to the absolute October record. The thermometer showed minus 79.6 degrees Celsius, just 0.4 degrees higher than the record.
Antarctica is also seeing an increase in sea ice, and the Southern Ocean is freezing again. Extreme cold weather over Antarctica helped raise sea ice levels around the continent to the fifth highest on record in August, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center.
According to experts, the cold waves in the next decades in Antarctica should be even stronger, and the participants of the expeditions may have to struggle to survive.
Most climatologists so far say that the current cold snap at the poles is temporary. However, forecasters, based on this and other data, predict cold and early winters in Eastern Europe, Siberia and North America. And this prediction looks plausible.
Earlier we reported that the level of the world’s oceans is growing at a record speed, that is what scientists are worried about.
Text: Ekaterina Maksimova, Photo: open sources