Scientists at the Siberian Federal University (SibFU) also make disappointing predictions about changes in the behavior, habitat, timing and migration routes of the reindeer due to climate change. The wild reindeer is a key link in the Arctic ecosystem; over the past 25 years, the number of the Taimyr-Evenk population has decreased from 900 to 320 thousand heads.
The cause is cited as greenhouse gases that trap heat, and the natural trend of rising temperatures every few years across the Earth. Warming in the Arctic is considered disproportionately large by scientists. Compared to the 1991-2020 average, the temperature anomaly here is three times greater than the global average.
SibFU scientists have noted some evolutionary changes and the reindeer’s preparation for climate change. As observations of deer in Taimyr show, their habitat is shifting from the tundra to the forests of Evenkia, the timing of migration and behavior are changing. Earlier, an expedition of SibFU scientists stated a decrease in the number of wild reindeer in Taimyr. Norilsk scientists classified this animal species as endangered.
The Arctic has been recording record high annual temperatures for several years, and it is possible that by 2030 the Arctic Ocean will be completely free of ice in the summer. And if the Arctic is warming faster than the whole world, then Taimyr is faster than the entire Arctic.