Photaria saved Norilsk residents from lack of sunlight

Photaria saved Norilsk residents from lack of sunlight

March 27, 2023

The solariums forerunners - photariums - worked at Norilsk enterprises and in kindergartens.

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. In 1965, an order was issued by the USSR chief state sanitary doctor on preventive ultraviolet irradiation. This concerned underground workers in the coal and mining industries and the child population in the Far North.

However, Norilsk doctors have always known that light starvation causes a lack of vitamin D and disrupts phosphorus-calcium metabolism. And this causes the bone tissue weakening and the whole organism defenses.

Studies have shown that sufficient ultraviolet radiation in Taimyr is possible only from May to August. In the remaining months, the required level of insolation is excluded due to the polar night and the cold climate, because outerwear is also an obstacle to sunbathing.

Therefore, already in the 1950s, fotaria were equipped in Norilsk for regular preventive exposures. The first of them were opened at the Zapolyarny mine and at kindergartens.

In the History Spot’s previous publication, we talked about the fact that the first sources of heat in Norilsk houses were wood and coal stoves.

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Text: Svetlana Ferapontova, Photo: Nornickel Polar Branch archive

March 27, 2023

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