Oldest and coldest

Oldest and coldest

August 14, 2020

Zapolyarny is the oldest mine in Norilsk. It got its own name in 1959.

On August 2, 1945, mine No.7 was separated into an independent division from the very first mine in Norilsk, which was called mine No.1. Later, merged with mines No.8 and No.9, it became known as the mine 7/9. And in 1959 it got its own name – Zapolyarny.

Zapolyarny mines ores from the Norilsk-1 deposit. It has a complex specific: complex mining and geological conditions of the ore body, the presence of methane and hydrogen in the rocks, but at the same time a wide range of high-value components – copper, nickel, cobalt, gold, silver and the platinum group metals.

A train in the haulage tunnel of the Zapolyarny mine

Zapolyarny is considered a fairly cold mine: the year-round average temperature is plus five degrees, which means that air heating is required. Zapolyarny is a heavily watered mine and requires a well-established drainage system. Its depth reaches 450 meters. And horizontally, it stretches for more than 40 kilometers of workings, and these are only those that are being exploited.

Read other materials of our photo project in the History spot section.

Text: Svetlana Samokhina, Photo: Nornickel Polar Branch archive

August 14, 2020

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