When in 1938 Stalin was meeting a group of the Norilsk combine workers, he expressed the wish that our city should be better than Nome. The city in Alaska consisted of two-story houses, and only one and a half thousand inhabitants lived in it.
Norilsk decided to go further. In 1943, the commission of the USSR Architecture Academy, considering the project for the city development, came to the conclusion: “… it is correct for the Arctic conditions to accept multi-storey buildings – three or four floors”.
The houses were planned to be built from high-strength gypsum, to protect apartments from the wind it was supposed to hang shutters from the inside, for comfort – to arrange winter gardens. And for snow protection, install four-meter panel fences on the streets. The estimated number of inhabitants was 37 thousand people.
In the History Spot photo project’s previous publication, we told that Dolgoye lake was not only a city beach, but also a landing site and the main water source.
Text: Svetlana Ferapontova, Photo: Nornickel Polar Branch archive