According to archaeological data, the first human settlements on the Krasnoyarsk region territory appeared about 100 thousand years ago. The finding (near the Sopochnaya Karga settlement) of the mammoth Zhenya with traces of damage from a heavy spear of a primitive hunter makes it clear that the lower reaches of the Yenisey river were inhabited about 45 thousand years ago.
In the Middle Ages, Turkic-speaking tribes settled on the modern Krasnoyarsk region territory, and then the Tungus, the ancestors of the modern Evenks, came.
The first Russian settlements in this area were the Yeniseysk, Krasnoyarsk and Kansk forts with the adjacent lands.
In 1822, a separate Yenisey province was established. Its area was over two million square miles. It was the second largest province of the Russian Empire after Yakutia. Its territory basically coincided with the borders of the modern Krasnoyarsk region.
Since January 1, 2007, the Krasnoyarsk region, the Taimyr (Dolgano-Nenets) and the Evenk autonomous districts have merged into a new subject of the Russian Federation – the Krasnoyarsk region within the boundaries of three previously existing subjects. Autonomous districts became part of the region as Taimyr Dolgan-Nenets and Evenk regions.
Today the Krasnoyarsk region still ranks second in size after Yakutia – almost 14 percent of the total Russia area.
In the last issue of the History Spot photo project, we told about the Lama restaurant, once a favorite place for Norilsk youth.
Text: Svetlana Samohina, Photo: Nornickel Polar Division archive