In 1978 polar navigation in Taimyr became year-round

In 1978 polar navigation in Taimyr became year-round

January 25, 2023

In 1978, Norilsk residents celebrated 25 years since Norilsk was given city status. Norilsk changed a lot in a quarter of a century - it expanded, increased the population from 82 to 230 thousand inhabitants.

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. Construction continued, the main one was the giant Nadezhda plant. The first city guest in 1978 was again the USSR Council of Ministers chairman Alexey Kosygin. He came for the second time, ten years after his first visit. He came not to congratulate, but to check how the plant construction was embodied.

The anniversary year was also marked by the beginning of year-round polar navigation. In February, after the polar night, the last ships left Dudinka, and that was the end of the 1977 navigation. And after just nine weeks, navigation-78 began. On May 1, the diesel-electric icebreaker Kapitan Sorokin and the cargo diesel-electric ship Pavel Ponomarev arrived from Murmansk to Dudinka. At the Mechanical plant, a special souvenir key for the first year-round navigation was made for port workers and sailors – almost a meter long: the Dudinka port’s head Alexander Kizim handed it to the Northern Sea Route administration head Kirill Chubakov. That first successfully completed ice voyage in the history of polar navigation marked the beginning of year-round navigation along the Northern Sea Route.

In 1978, the air supply shaft of the Taimyrsky mine was passed to the final mark of 1428.5 meters. For the first time, the country’s mine builders reached such a depth of penetration. The Shakhtspetsstroy team broke the record of the deepest shaft in the country, the former one – 1319 meters – belonged to Donbass.

In the History Spot’s previous publication, we told about how in 1973 the city improved the culture of everyday life.

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Text: Svetlana Ferapontova, Photo: Nornickel Polar Branch archive

January 25, 2023

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