Horses used in Norilsk till 1970s
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Horses used in Norilsk till 1970s

November 18, 2022

The Norilsk combine was built by horses along with people. With the help of horse-drawn transport, they dragged mine trolleys, carried goods at construction sites, made their way along the impassability, where no equipment passed.

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. There were light, cargo and duty horses. It was forbidden to use them for other purposes.

In the 1930s, Norilsk and Dudinka were connected by a horse-drawn road: the fare was 70 rubles and 70 kopecks per kilogram of luggage.

Horses were involved in everything. When the fire station appeared, a horse-drawn fire wagon arose. Ambulances and police patrols were mounted.

Horses also delivered the first Norilsk bread and milk to the nursery. There were even personal traveling horses and a horse-drawn taxi.

Each horse was registered by name by the department of horse-drawn transport. If in 1936 there were 140 horses, in 1944 there were already 310.

Nicknames differed in variety and didn’t resembled horse ones: Screw, Fine, Verochka, Icebreaker, Samovar, Mahorka, American.

But at the same time, they took care of the horses, and even more than of people, because it was not easy to deliver them to the Far North. For a rude attitude towards a horse, the driver was removed from work and sent to a punishment cell.

In the History Spot’s previous publication, we told that the Norilsk mountains Shmidtiha and Gudchiha were named after scientists.

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Text: Svetlana Ferapontova, Photo: Nornickel Polar Branch archive

November 18, 2022

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