First builders arrived to future Norilsk site in 1929

First builders arrived to future Norilsk site in 1929

May 12, 2023

The metallurgical giant construction start is generally accepted to be 1935, when, by a well-known order, it was subordinated to the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD).

#ARCTIC. #SIBERIA. THIS IS TAIMYR. But in reality, the relay baton passed from geologists to operators as early as in 1928, when the state-owned gold-platinum joint-stock company Soyuzzoloto began to work in the Norilsk region. It was on Norilsk platinum that the main bet was made at that time.

In 1929, Soyuzzoloto created a special expedition led by Yakov Vedernikov to put the Norilsk deposit into operation and to conduct an economic survey of the region. So Vedernikov became, in fact, the first head of the Norilsk combine construction.

In the same year, Novy Mir magazine wrote about the expedition in an essay by journalist Max Singer Handsome Yenisey. On the ship Spartak he met Vedernikov and other expedition members and wrote about the results of their work in the summer of 1929: “they chose a place for a working settlement, examined the soil, found out local building materials, found large outcrops of Tunguska flagstone, excellent in construction qualities, examined access roads to them”.

“People remained in Norilsk to meet the polar night, to guard the left materials. And in the summer, the first batch of workers from the Norilsk mine will come here on barges and steamships”, Singer wrote.

In the History Spot’s previous publication, we told that the first film about Norilsk was shot in the 1940s: the most difficult thing was to shoot a normal phenomenon in Taimyr – blizzard.

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Text: Svetlana Ferapontova, Photo: Nornickel Polar Branch archive

May 12, 2023

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