The regional center and a city with almost 2,5 million people Volgograd stands apart from other cities in the country. There are several reasons for that. To begin with, it was renamed more than once. The city founded in 1589 was first called Tsaritsyn, because it was located on an island on the Tsaritsa River. In 1925, it was named Stalingrad after Stalin. In 1961 – renamed again, from Stalingrad to Volgograd. That happened just at the time of the debunking of the personality cult of Stalin. And in 2013, the authorities decided to give the city its historical name back. But only for nine days a year. The name Stalingrad does not appear in the documents, but on these agreed dates it can be safely used in speeches, at public events, as well as in the media.
Volgograd is divided into eight districts. The southern part of the city has perhaps the most interesting history. The first settlers from Saxony appeared here in the 18th century. They laid the foundation for the German colony of Sarepta. Right after the revolution, that territory was named Krasnoarmeysky district. In 1920, Sarepta was renamed the city of Krasnoarmeysk. In 1931, the Krasnoarmeysky district of the Stalingrad was abolished, and its territory was transferred to the Kotelnikovsky, Leninsky, Stalingradsky districts and the Kalmyk region. In 1944, due to the downsizing of the Kirovsky district, the Krasnoarmeysky district of Stalingrad was formed again.
Krasnoarmeysky – the largest district of the city – is notable for the fact that the Volga-Don shipping channel made Volgograd a port of five seas. The Krasnoarmeysky district is also famous for the tallest sculpture of the proletariat leader (Lenin) in Europe: the height of the pedestal is 30 meters, the sculpture is 27 meters. The monument is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the world’s largest monument to a person who lived in real. Previously, a monument to Stalin stood on that site.
There are 306 streets in the Krasnoarmeysky district. It is curious that, according to the study by Yandex, the name of every sixth street in Volgograd is unique. For example, only in this city there are such streets as Tunguska Ravine and 1st Bylinny Lane, Varyag Cruiser Street and Street of Chetyrekh Svyazistov (Four Signalmen Street). About nine percent of Volgograd streets are named after famous people, the names of about 4.5 percent of streets are associated with nature, 2.4 percent – with the Soviet Union, 4.3 percent – with cities. At the same time, most of the streets of Volgograd are dedicated to the hardest period in the city life – the Great Patriotic War.
Yandex analysts have found that the average length of the hero-city streets is rather short – 724 meters. However, they are not densely populated – there are about 500 people per street.
Nevertheless, Norilskaya Street stands out in this regard: its length is 955 meters. It appeared in the Krasnoarmeysky district of the city in 1954, and until that time had been called Karpovskaya.
Norilskaya intersects with 40 years of VLKSM, Brestskaya and Izmailovskaya, Galiley and Savina streets. There are 114 houses there.
Text: Elena Popova, Photo: open sources