Astrakhan is located at 25 meters lower the sea level. The lotus fields of the Astrakhan reserve are the largest in the world – their total area exceeds 5 000 hectares. The world’s northernmost cotton is grown there. In 1858 the author of The Three Musketeers, Alexander Dumas, visited the city and later wrote the book From Paris to Astrakhan. Fresh Impressions from the Trip to Russia. It is noteworthy that this is one of the seven Russian cities where the Kremlin has been preserved.
In the Astrakhan region there is a functioning Kapustin Yar spaceport. Two earthlings – the dogs Dezik and Gypsy – flew into the space from there in 1951, for the first time in the Earth history. The rocket reached a height of 101 kilometers, a container with the dogs safely landed a few kilometers from the launch pad.
In the city, famous for its caviar and fish, the movies Live until Monday, My Friend Ivan Lapshin, Mistress of the Taiga and many others were filmed.
Another interesting fact is Astrakhan is located on 11 islands connected by more than 50 bridges. The city has 2281 names of streets and lanes. Surprisingly, this ancient city in the Volga region was connected with the Arctic twice: there are Norilsky lane and Norilskaya street in Astrakhan, which are located in the Leninsky district of the city.
Norilskaya Street appeared in 1955, and is 213 meters. There are only 18 houses. Norilskaya goes from one side to Nerchinskaya, and from the other to 2nd Onega street. This part of the city used to be the village of Svobodny, which arose at the beginning of the last century and was originally called Petropavlovsky – by the name of the Saints Peter and Paul church, built in 1908.
As for Norilsky lane, it was unnamed until 1938, then it was called Narimanovsky. In 1957, when the largest in the country Kaierkan (located in Norilsk) coal mine construction started, a familiar name appeared on the map of Astrakhan for the second time – the lane got the name Norilsky.
The length of Norilsky lane, where six houses are located, is only 129 meters. It intersects with five streets: Akhtubinskaya, Vostochnaya, Kurilskaya, Mongolskaya and Narimanovskaya.
Text: Elena Popova, Photo: open sources